Graham Sustainability Institute

Michigan Revised Lead and Copper Rule Finance Case Studies

One of the key questions about implementing the revised Lead and Copper Rule is how to pay for it.

Guided by the input and priorities of our Advisory Group, we have prepared three policy memos highlighting policy approaches that are particularly relevant to Michigan. These memos are:

The lessons from the case studies are summarized in a policy brief highlighting the key lessons learned in exploring the challenges associated with financing lead service line replacement.

A related project, with relevant case studies on public finance is Managing Public Water Infrastructure with Resource Constraints. Please visit this project to see more case studies examining finance and funding, as well as affordability.


Role of the Advisory Group: At the project inception, the project team established an advisory group to help better understand the range of issues raised by lead and copper and bring the perspectives of multiple communities and disciplines to the effort. The advisory group included representatives of state agencies, county government and health offices, water supplies, local government and water resource/infrastructure associations, community and neighborhood organizations actively involved in implementing or affected by the lead and copper rule. See the full list of advisory group members.

Through in-person meetings, periodic conference calls, and individual consultations, the advisory group identified a large list of frequently asked questions and reviewed draft responses to the list, infographics the team designed and other communications material. Although all members of the advisory group had opportunities to comment on project products, such as the FAQ responses, infographics and case studies, the content is solely the responsibility of the project team. Some of the advisory group members may disagree with some of the final product.