Graham Sustainability Institute

Replacement of LSLs Funded Through Increased Water Fees

March 2019

This memo analyzes the viability of complete lead service line (LSL) replacement through increased water fees. Replacement of LSLs solely through increased water rates is possible, but depending on the number of LSLs to be replaced, may require an extended (>20 year) timeline for water systems and/or risks considerable financial pressure on low-income residents and communities. Protecting vulnerable residents from unaffordable rate hikes will likely necessitate an investment of state/outside funds or an extended timeline.