Graham Sustainability Institute

A proposed unified framework to describe the management of biological invasions

June 2020

Managing the impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) is a great societal challenge. A wide variety of terms have been used to describe the management of invasive alien species and the sequence in which they might be applied. This variety and lack of consistency creates uncertainty in the presentation and description of management in policy, science and practice. The existing description of the invasion process to develop an IAS management framework was expanded. This paper defines the different forms of active management using a novel approach based on changes in species status, avoiding the need for stand-alone descriptions of management types, and provide a complete set of potential management activities.