The interdisciplinary effort will be funded by a five-year, $4.2 million grant from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The new Great Lakes Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments Center (GLISA) will focus initially on the watersheds of lakes Erie and Huron and three critical topics: agriculture, watershed management, and natural resources-based recreation and tourism.
The Great Lakes center is one of six new Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments awards, totaling $23.6 million, announced Wednesday by U.S. Commerce Secretary Gary Locke.
"Climate change is expected to dramatically impact the Great Lakes region. Tourism and agriculture, in particular, are extremely vulnerable, and disruption to those sectors will have wide-ranging detrimental effects for an already struggling Great Lakes economy," said U-M aquatic ecologist Donald Scavia, co-leader of the new center, along with Michigan State's Thomas Dietz.
"This new collaboration allows us to build a team of top scientists to devise effective adaptation strategies," said Scavia, director of U-M's Graham Institute, special counsel to the U-M president for sustainability, and a professor at the School of Natural Resources and Environment.
According to the latest climate assessment report from the U.N.-sponsored Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, average temperatures in the Great Lakes region are projected to increase between 1.1 and 7.6 degrees Fahrenheit by mid-century. Precipitation is expected to increase in the winter and spring and decrease in the summer and fall. More frequent and greater-intensity extreme precipitation events are also projected.
"Climate change is likely to reduce lake levels, shift patterns of precipitation and alter average seasonal temperatures," said Dietz, Michigan State's assistant vice president for environmental research. "The economy of the Great Lakes region and the well-being of its residents will be greatly affected by regional and local changes to the climate."
Already, the region has seen a warming of about two degrees since 1980, less ice cover on the lakes, more lake-effect snow, and the onset of spring warming about one week earlier than previously, Dietz said. Future changes could include longer growing seasons and more heat waves, he said.
Researchers at GLISA will work closely with natural resources managers, land planners, nongovernmental organizations and the private sector to advance new research about how climate variability and change will impact the environment, the economy and society. The researchers will help develop innovative ways to integrate climate information into adaptation planning.
In addition to Scavia, initial U-M researchers on the GLISA team are Maria Carmen Lemos of the School of Natural Resources and Environment and Richard Rood of the Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences. GLISA also will include scientists from Ohio State University, and the grant is expected fund other researchers from across the region.
Ignoring climate change could be quite costly, Scavia said. For example, sewers, bridges and flood control structures are designed according to the amount of rainfall and floods that occurred over the past century.
"If we simply use those historical figures as a basis for our future plans, we are almost certainly building them incorrectly and will pay the consequences of inadequate design when they fail," Scavia said.
Related links below:
- GLISA website at www.graham.umich.edu/centers/glisa.php
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration announcement about the Great Lakes Climate Change Initiative
- Video about America's Climate Choices: Advancing the Science of Climate Change, featuring national climate change expert Tom Dietz, Ph.D., of MSU, who is co-leading GLISA with Don Scavia, Graham Institute