Microplastics in the Great Lakes

Maple leaf on Lake Superior

Investigators

Melissa Duhaime, U‐M Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Krista Rule Wigginton, U‐M Civil and Environmental Engineering
Dmitry Beletsky, U‐M Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research (Ciler)

Additional Core Team Members

Lorena Rios‐Mendoza, University of Wisconsin‐Superior, Chemistry
Zhan Chen, U‐M Department of Chemistry Raisa Beletsky, CILER
Jennifer Daley, U‐M School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE)
Larissa Sano, U‐M CILER, Water Center
Allen Burton, U‐M SNRE, CILER, Water Center

Project Summary

Recently, plastic has been documented in the Great Lakes at the highest concentrations seen anywhere on the planet. Yet, too little is known about the fate of this plastic and its role in ecosystem dynamics to predict the inevitable impacts on one fifth of the world’s fresh water and one of our most valuable national security assets.

To address this critical knowledge gap, this project takes a cross‐disciplinary and multiscale approach to define the ecological and environmental health risks of plastics in the Great Lakes. Regionally, the project team will quantify and identify plastics in Lakes Erie, SE Huron and Superior, improve circulation models to better predict transport of plastics through the Laurentian system, contribute to remediation plans, and disseminate knowledge through school curriculum. On the micro‐scale, the team will quantify and qualify the degree of plasticbound organic pollutants and explore plastic‐dwelling microbial community dynamics and function, a virtually unexplored topic.

The Great Lakes offer an opportune test bed to develop a systems‐wide understanding of the impact of microplastics on ecosystem health. The diverse expertise assembled for this project leverages the University Michigan towards becoming an epicenter for microplastic research in the Great Lakes, and in fact the world, with many of the anticipated findings relevant to better understanding implications of plastics in all aquatic environments.